What is the pelvic floor and what is it used for

The pelvic floor is a group of various tissue (muscles, ligaments, fascia, etc.), that provide firm but flexible support to the pelvic organs (the urinary bladder along with the urethra, uterus  and  rectum).  Its  function  helps  to  prevent  spontaneous  and  unwanted  leakage of  the  urine  or  stool  and  it  has  a  significant  contribution  to  the  quality  of  delivery.  It  is also an important part of the deep stabilization system of the spine and participates in the transfer of forces from the lower limbs when we walk. Last, but not least, its quality affects  women’s  sexuality  (it  affects  the  intensity  of  libido  and  the  ability  to  experience orgasm).  It  also  affects  fertility  (fertility)  and  psychological  stability.  Because  of  its  evolutionary function, the pelvic floor is often referred to as the center of female power and self-confidence.


How the pelvic floor muscles work

For each woman, these muscles are very important because, as has been said, they are active by supporting the pelvic organs, regulating their position within the female pelvis and granting mobility in everyday movement. At the same time, they participate in human walking and co-create the foundation of the backbone support system. These muscles are therefore more active than we would expect at first, because their proper function enables a series of everyday movements. A healthy and functional pelvic floor can be activated at the right time (shortening, bending, shrinking), but it can also be controlled (relax, stretch, extend). In some stages of life, it is very stressed and due to various internal and external  influences  (birth,  hormonal  changes,  lack  of  movement,  or  excessive  physical stress, stress, but also inappropriate footwear) it may lose some of the above-mentioned functions. Such a pelvic floor is either permanently withdrawn (unable to loosen, as if it was tightened in a permanent convulsion) or, on the other hand, lacks the ability to activate and becomes uncontrollable (weakened, fatigued).


Weakness in the pelvic muscle floor can lead to the following effects:

  • more difficult delivery with significant chance of injury to pelvic muscles and other soft tissues
  • uncontrolled leakage of urine or stool
  • spinal pain, most commonly in the lumbar region
  • pain in the groin and hip joints
  • non-physiological spacing of the abdominal muscles, called diastase
  • hernia in the area of the groin, navel or diaphragm
  • decreased libido and/or impaired quality of sexual intercourse