The pelvic floor is a group of various tissue (muscles, ligaments, fascia, etc.), that provide firm but flexible support to the pelvic organs (the urinary bladder along with the urethra, uterus and rectum). Its function helps to prevent spontaneous and unwanted leakage of the urine or stool and it has a significant contribution to the quality of delivery. It is also an important part of the deep stabilization system of the spine and participates in the transfer of forces from the lower limbs when we walk. Last, but not least, its quality affects women’s sexuality (it affects the intensity of libido and the ability to experience orgasm). It also affects fertility (fertility) and psychological stability. Because of its evolutionary function, the pelvic floor is often referred to as the center of female power and self-confidence.
How the pelvic floor muscles work
For each woman, these muscles are very important because, as has been said, they are active by supporting the pelvic organs, regulating their position within the female pelvis and granting mobility in everyday movement. At the same time, they participate in human walking and co-create the foundation of the backbone support system. These muscles are therefore more active than we would expect at first, because their proper function enables a series of everyday movements. A healthy and functional pelvic floor can be activated at the right time (shortening, bending, shrinking), but it can also be controlled (relax, stretch, extend). In some stages of life, it is very stressed and due to various internal and external influences (birth, hormonal changes, lack of movement, or excessive physical stress, stress, but also inappropriate footwear) it may lose some of the above-mentioned functions. Such a pelvic floor is either permanently withdrawn (unable to loosen, as if it was tightened in a permanent convulsion) or, on the other hand, lacks the ability to activate and becomes uncontrollable (weakened, fatigued).
Weakness in the pelvic muscle floor can lead to the following effects:
- more difficult delivery with significant chance of injury to pelvic muscles and other soft tissues
- uncontrolled leakage of urine or stool
- spinal pain, most commonly in the lumbar region
- pain in the groin and hip joints
- non-physiological spacing of the abdominal muscles, called diastase
- hernia in the area of the groin, navel or diaphragm
- decreased libido and/or impaired quality of sexual intercourse